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Image by Dan Dimmock

Please click on the image to access the publication or research site.


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This article written by Dr. Steve Sider et al provides an opportunity to examine the inclusive education policy and practice contexts of the countries which the authors have conducted their research, including  England, Australia, the United States, and Canada. The authors analyze the identified countries policies and practices as well as compare the countries' relationships to one another.

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This article responds to the following question: In what ways can an international research partnership involving partners from Canada and Ghana contribute to efforts to foster inclusive education in schools? The authors utilize this question to analyze how international research partnerships are best positioned to accomplish their goals. Click on the image above to read this insightful article. 

New Additions

Dr. Steve Sider and Dr. Ardavan Eizadirad were spotlighted for their new book, Counternarratives of Pain and Suffering as Critical Pedagogy: Disrupting Oppression in Education Contexts. Take a read and reflect on the intentionality to learn, unlearn and disrupt.


Our newest feature is the Lead to Include Podcast episode for Summer 2023! This podcast was created and directed by four of our amazing research assistants: Jaron Bowman, Kiara Daw, Lok Chi Wong and Ruthie Dunham. In this episode, these passionate research assistants delve into the topic of inclusive education, discussing the promotion of inclusivity and the support of diversity in learning environments. To listen to this insightful podcast episode, please click on the picture below. 

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Written by Dr. Steve Sider and Dr. Kimberly Maich, this book supports the professional learning of school principals, and those who aspire to be such, in development of their skills and knowledge around fostering inclusive schools for students with special education needs. The book includes 27 case stories that are based on research with school principals. 

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In this study, 36 principals and vice principals from four provinces in Canada were interviewed about their work with students with SEN during the pandemic. Responses were analyzed using the ethic of care framework. Accordingly, responses indicated that principals were particularly aware of, and responsive towards, the wide range of need experienced by students, their families, and school staff.

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In this article written by Dr. Mélissa Villella and Dr. Steve Sider, the experiences of seven French Canadian school principals when confronted with the violent or disruptive behaviours of SENs and how these behaviours influence their leadership with respect to school inclusion. The results are based on reflection on experience, from a pragmatic Deweyian and critical perspective of school inclusion. 

Sample Cases: Text and Audio Formats

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These cases are from the book written by Dr. Steve Sider and Dr. Kimberly Maich, entitled Leadership for Inclusive Schools.  The book includes 27 case stories that are based on research with school principals. To read this book, click on the following picture or refer to the "New Additions" section of our Resources page. 

Case Study 4

Case Study 8

Case Study 14

Case Study 21

Case Study 29

Choose-your-own-adventure cases 

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Explore the case of a new teacher who seeks support at a staff meeting for a student. Determine how the school principal should support the teacher and the student.

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Explore the case of a principal who delivers news to staff about changes to specialized therapy funding. Decide how the principal should respond to the concerns of staff.

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Explore the case of a teacher who approaches a school principal to discuss the ways he is struggling to keep up with the demands of his job. Decide how the principal should support the teacher’s mental wellbeing. 

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Explore the case of an elementary school principal who must decide how to respond when a student on the Autism Spectrum becomes aggressive with another student.

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Explore the case of a high school vice-principal who must decide how to respond to a parent’s request for his daughter with Down Syndrome to participate in a co-op placement.  



"Choose Your Own Adventure": Web-Based Case Studies of Inclusive Education as a Form of Professional Learning for School Principals

Steve Sider, Kimberly Maich, Jacqueline Specht, Carolyn Treadgold, Hillary Winger

What have we learned from the COVID-19 global pandemic about school principals and the inclusion of students with special education needs ?

Steve Sider, NadineTrépanier-Bisson

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Lessons Learned: Home-School Collaboration for Students with SEN during Emergency Remote Teaching

Jeffrey MacCormack, Carolyn Fitzgerald, Jessica Whitley, Steve Sider. 

"Does It Have to Be That Hard?": Principals' stories of supporting students with special education needs during emergency schooling 

Jeffrey MacCormack, Daniel John Anderson, Steve Sider

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Inclusive school leadership: Examining the experiences of Canadian school principals in supporting students with special education needs

Steve Sider, Kimberly Maich, Jhonel Morvan, Mélissa Villella, Paul Ling, Chantelle Repp

The Conversation: Schools after coronavirus: Seize 'teachable moments' about racism and inequalities

Steve Sider and Ardavan Eizadirad

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Schools as an Equalizing Force: What the pandemic has taught us about school leadership and inclusive education

Steve Sider, Jeffrey MacCormack, Jess Whitley

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"Who is Your Nathalia?"
 Steve Sider
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Making the Unknown or Invisible Accessible: The Collaborative Development of Inclusion-Focused Open-Access Case Studies for Principals and Other School Leaders

Kimberly Maich, Steve Sider, Jhonel Morvan, Déirdre M. Smith Ms.

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Self-Determination and Inclusion: The Role of Canadian Principals in Catalyzing Inclusive-Positive Practices

Jeffrey MacCormack, Steve Sider, Kimberly Maich, Jacqueline Specht

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Diversity via Distance: Lessons learned from families supporting students with special education needs during remote learning

Jess Whitley, Jeffrey MacCormack, Ian Matheson, Jacqueline Specht, Steve Sider, Kimberly Maich


Ontario College of Teachers: Exploring Leadership Practices through Case Inquiry

English Version

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School Principals and Students With Special Education Needs in a Pandemic: Emerging Insights from Ontario, Canada

Steve Sider

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Violence in schools: What can we learn from critical incidents?

Steve Sider and Mėlissa Villella

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School Principals and Students with Special Education Needs
Steve Sider, Kimberly Maich and Jhonel Morvan

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2019 Intersectionalities Conference

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Considering the question, “What can inclusive comparative and international education research look like?”, Dr. Steve Sider situated his own experience to consider the three “Cs” for the future of comparative and international education: complexity, care, and cautions.

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The Conversation: Every Child Matters

Steve Sider

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School Principals: Leading the Way to Inclusive Schools


Research and Advocacy Sites

Dr. Steve Sider University Research Site

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Canadian Research Centre on Inclusive Education Site

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Inclusive Education Canada Research Site

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Let's Chat... About Inclusive Education 

The Heart and Spirit of Inclusion VoicEd Radio


Listen to Kimberly Maich (Memorial University), Jhonel Morvan (Brock University) and Steve Sider (Wilfrid Laurier University) as they discuss how to support new school leaders as they begin to create inclusive school environments and communities.

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Listen to Gordon L. Porter, Diane Richler and Jacqueline Specht, accompanied by researchers, educators, parents and advocates who are engaged in the effort to make Canadian schools inclusive to discuss the diverse perspectives on the challenges, the progress and the issues related to the development of inclusive education in our country.

Schools after coronavirus VoicEd Radio

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Listen to Sider and Eizadirad discuss "important issues that have been brought to light during the pandemic on the radar of schools and communities. In this conversation, we talk about systemic inequity, the language we use to frame the issues and some practical ways to begin conversations with staff, parents, and community members." -voicEd Radio

Our first-ever Lead to Include Podcast has been released, brought to you by our Summer 2022 Research Team! Thank you for taking the time to listen and learn with us today. In this episode we introduce you to our diverse crew, their experiences, and passions behind research in the field. Watch and listen now: Bringing Research Assistants to the Table.

Resources to Support Inclusive Schools

Making Canadian Schools Inclusive: A Call To Action

Gordon L. Porter

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K–12 Administration of Inclusive Schools in Canada: A Literature Review of Expectations and Qualifications of Formal School Leaders

Anders Lunde 

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Inclusive Education and Pedagogical Change: Experiences from the Front Lines

Monique Somma, Sheila Bennett

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School Principals: Leading the Way to Inclusive Schools (French Version)

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School Principals: Leading the Way to Inclusive Schools

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Implementation of a Differentiated Instruction Initiative: Perspectives of Leaders
Jessica Whitley, Cheryll Duquette, Suzanne Gooderham, Catherine Elliot, Shari Orders, Amy Klan

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Leading Authentically: Supporting Students with Special Education Needs and Students with Disabilities
Ontario Principals' Council

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Exploring School Principals' Experiences During the First Four Months of the Pandemic as a Way to Reimagine Inclusive Education
Daniel John Anderson, Jeffrey MacCormack, Steve Sider

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Ableism: Deal With It: And appreciate everyone's abilities
Kimberly Maich and Kay Nau 


Associated Collectives

EDI & I Coalition is a collective composed of a community of educators within the Faculty of Education at Wilfrid Laurier University dedicated to collecting resources dedicated to educator development and teaching tools to improve equity, diversity and inclusion in K-12 classrooms. 


The Centre for Leading Research in Education is a research centre at Wilfrid Laurier University founded to encourage educational research from an interdisciplinary perspective. 

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Inclusive Education Canada is an NGO committed to providing leadership, advice and resources to parents, families, teachers, principals and other stakeholders in the education system. They focus on promoting the Canadian vision of inclusive education for all, working to improve policy and principles on inclusion. 

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Inclusion Ghana is an organization dedicated to providing equal opportunities and inclusion for all persons with intellectual disabilities in Ghana. Inclusion Ghana focuses on four core areas of intervention such as training, research, education and advocacy. 

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